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Report of Agora International ‘Internet Freedom 2017: Creeping Criminalisation’

Agora International presents report ‘Internet Freedom 2017: Creeping Criminalisation’.

Report of Agora International ‘Internet Freedom 2017: Creeping Criminalisation’
Report of Agora International ‘Internet Freedom 2017: Creeping Criminalisation’

This report (the eighth in a series) overviews restrictions on Internet freedom in Russia based on the results of regular monitoring of the situation, which we conducted in 2017. The report completes a decade of monitoring: the first overview that we published in 2011 covered the period between 2008 and 2010, later the reports became annual.

Over ten years, we recorded an aggregate of not fewer than 214 cases of violence or threats against online activists, bloggers and online journalists, including five murders and several attempted murders. A total of 1,449 cases of criminal prosecution (or a credible risk of being charged) in connection with online activity have gone on record, including 98 custodial sentences. With the exception of a few years and indicators, on the whole RuNet has been coming under steadily mounting pressure, which is confirmed by the constantly growing number of various proposals for regulation, from 5 in 2014 to 114 in 2017.

The monitoring base includes 253,398 instances of restriction on Internet freedom in Russia. During the same period, the daily RuNet audience expanded from an estimate 16 million to 70 million, and the number of domain names in the .ru domain zone grew from 1.2 million to 5.4 million.

As usual, the report consists of two main parts. The first part describes the results of the monitoring, citing the most telling examples, and in the second part the authors assess the state of Internet freedom. The annexed summary table provides reference to the date, source, region and type of restriction in each case about which information is available, and a map of violations colour-codes the level of relative Internet freedom in the various regions of the Russian Federation.

Documents for download

Full version of Agora's report ‘Internet Freedom 2017: Creeping Criminalisation’ download (0.58 Mb)



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More than 50 lawyers work for Agora International Human Rights Group
Ramil Akhmetgaliev
Lawyer, Kazan
Pavel Chikov
The head of Agora International Human Rights Group, PhD, MPA, LLM
Alexander Popkov
Alexander Popkov
Lawyer, Sochi
Dmitry Dinze
Andrey Sabinin
Lawyer, Stavropol

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